This is how the EU wants to prevent AI fraud
Companies are to label content created with artificial intelligence (AI) with immediate effect. This is how the EU Commission wants to prevent so-called “deepfakes” from spreading on the internet. These are texts, images or videos that appear realistic but are completely fictitious.
On Monday, EU Commissioner Vera Jourova and Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton met with company representatives in Brussels to present their plan. Companies that build so-called generative AI into their search engines must ensure that they cannot be abused by malicious actors, Jourova said.
This concerns Microsoft and Google, for example, whose new search engines Bingchat and Bard are based on this technology. “Generative AI” refers to software that can independently create text and images from data.
Sunak wants UK to lead in AI
Recent advances in the development of artificial intelligence (AI) have not only sparked a technological race between companies and nations. At the same time, governments are vying to see who will set the global rules of the game for the new technology. After Brexit, Great Britain sees itself in a good position between the far-reaching regulatory ideas in the EU on the one hand and the “laissez-faire” attitude in the USA on the other.
British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak therefore also wants to use his visit to Washington this week to win over US President Joe Biden to his ideas for global AI regulation, which the British hope could be steered from London. This was revealed by government circles in London before Sunak’s departure for Washington.
According to reports in British media, the government is planning an international conference of all major players in the autumn, to which China will also be invited.
OpenAI chief praises politicians’ approach to artificial intelligence
The head of OpenAI, Sam Altman, has expressed satisfaction with the attitude of heads of state and government towards artificial intelligence. In his talks during a world tour, heads of state and government have shown thoughtfulness and urgency about the “very high risks” that artificial intelligence technology poses, Altman said on Monday. His company is responsible for the popular chatbot ChatGPT, which uses artificial intelligence.
Altman was visiting Tel Aviv in Israel, having previously been to several capitals in Europe. During his trip, he wants to promote his company. Altman met with Israeli President Izchak Herzog. Herzog pointed out the advantages and dangers of artificial intelligence. Herzog said that it was important to make sure that the development of artificial intelligence served the “good of humanity”.
Since the release of so-called chatbots with high performance, concerns have increased that artificial intelligence could outperform humans and get out of control. As a result, countries are trying to set regulations for the technology.
Altman was among the signatories of a statement warning of the dangers of AI to humans issued by hundreds of scientists and tech industry representatives. Microsoft and Google were also represented.
The OpenAI chief met British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, French President Emmanuel Macron, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. Altman shared on Twitter that he is travelling to Jordan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, India and South Korea this week.
Digital expert: AI hype obscures business with surveillance
The head of the foundation behind the chat app Signal has issued a stark warning about the current hype around artificial intelligence at the Berlin digital conference Republica. “The narrative around the commercialisation of AI serves to mystify, entrench and expand the surveillance business model at the core of the tech industry,” Meredith Whitacker said at the launch of the three-day event on Monday. It’s about control over employees as well as social control, she said.
Whitacker sees a particular problem in the fact that artificial intelligence applications are ascribed the ability to be superior to humans – although there is no evidence for this “mythology”. Accordingly, she criticised recent warnings from AI experts who put the technology on a par with existential risks such as pandemics or nuclear war.
“There is no evidence that AI is on the verge of becoming a malevolent super-intelligence, or ever will be,” said Whitacker, a long-time Google executive. But such warnings trigger “adrenaline rushes and awe” – and don’t even need to be justified to affect our lives. “The more we buy into this hype, the more power we give a handful of corporations to dictate how our world works and what our place is in it.”
Signal is a chat app run by a nonprofit foundation and designed with complete encryption for greater privacy. Along with other chat services such as WhatsApp, Signal resists attempts to soften encryption to fight crime. The idea that AI can reconcile such measures with data protection is illusory, Whitacker stressed.
How to protect your private data in ChatGPT
Artificial intelligence (AI) is an important technology for Samsung – yet the electronics manufacturer recently banned its employees from using ChatGPT at work. The company fears that confidential data will end up on the servers of the operator OpenAI and can no longer be deleted. Banks like JP Morgan Chase and Citigroup also restrict its use.
The concerns are understandable: OpenAI stores personal data to improve the chatbot ChatGPT and to train the language model in the background. Therefore, it is important to protect private and business secrets.
Companies and private users alike should consider data protection when using ChatGPT and other AI chatbots – a lot can be achieved with just a few simple steps.
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ChatGPT becomes a weapon for hackers
With the help of AI chatbots like ChatGPT, criminals can personalise their scams for millions of victims. Experts expect significant consequences – and resistance.
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Hollywood writers fight back against AI competition
The Hollywood writers’ strike has been going on since the beginning of May and there have been no approaches or negotiations. The union considers the concessions made by the American entertainment giants to be totally inadequate. There is radio silence at the corporate headquarters.
Such strikes have happened time and again in the past. Now both sides are particularly belligerent. The reason: writers fear being replaced more and more by artificial intelligence (AI).
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What you should know about AI
Mankind has been dreaming of intelligent machines since ancient times. Then, after the Second World War, an academic branch of computer science formed and laid the theoretical foundations for the science of artificial intelligence (AI).
For a long time, there was a lot of theory and little practice. But AI is now celebrating one breakthrough after another. Faster and cheaper computers can calculate complex algorithms, the internet provides the masses of necessary data. Recently, the progress of language models such as GPT or Bard, which can generate intelligent conversations, creative texts or convincing false photos, caused a great stir among the general public.
But what is behind artificial intelligence? The most important questions and answers on a topic that is currently making history:
SAP loses AI boss – Feiyu Xu prefers to found a start-up
Just a few days ago, Feiyu Xu was on stage for SAP at the Sapphire customer conference to talk about the software manufacturer’s use of artificial intelligence (AI). But soon the scientist, who currently heads the department, will be leaving the DAX company: she is founding the start-up Nyonic with several well-known players from the tech scene.
The company wants to develop a basic model for AI that is suitable for special applications in business and supports several European languages, as it announced this week. A first version of the system is to be ready as early as the beginning of next year and will then compete with the products of leading providers such as OpenAI.
This means that in addition to Aleph Alpha, another start-up is working in Germany on the development of generative AI, around which a real hype has arisen. The systems are able to process language automatically and generate content. So far, they are being developed mainly in the USA – for example by OpenAI, Microsoft and Google.
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UN agency on AI: preparing societies for job transformation
According to the UN development agency UNDP, the countries of the world must prepare individually for the expected change in the labour market due to the advance of artificial intelligence. Countries with a young population would have to cope with very different challenges from potentially disappearing employment sectors than older societies, UNDP chief Achim Steiner told Deutsche Presse-Agentur. “And as always, the society that prepares is much more likely not to slide into this situation in some way automatically, but to be able to design transition strategies that are much more likely to take advantage.”
In the future, he said, the search for ways to master the new technology would have to include “much more careful and differentiated” examination of what kinds of jobs might be affected, which might be eliminated and which might be created. It is also important that no false incentives are created to push automation even faster. As an example of such false incentives, Steiner, the highest German UN representative, cited the fact that human labour is generally taxed more heavily than mechanised work performed by robots.
The World Economic Forum estimates that, due to the rapidly advancing AI development, there will be significant upheavals in a quarter of all jobs within the next five years. This will primarily affect the media and entertainment sectors, public administration, education, agriculture, health, energy, manufacturing and even the hotel and restaurant industries. According to the report, there will be new roles above all in the areas of technology and digitalisation.
Danish Prime Minister has speech written by AI
Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen had a speech to parliament partly written by artificial intelligence (AI). The Social Democrat used the much-discussed chatbot ChatGPT to begin her speech in Copenhagen on Wednesday. Frederiksen (45) wanted to use it to point out the importance of AI in the debate at the end of the parliamentary year. It is both fascinating and frightening what is already possible with it.
Within seconds, a speech could be written, a university assignment solved or a report prepared – and so convincingly that few believed that it was not a human being behind it, but a robot. “Artificial intelligence is no longer the future. It is a reality,” Frederiksen said. “And it will change our society – to an extent that we simply do not yet understand.”
EU urges swift commitment from AI companies
The US and the European Union (EU) should require artificial intelligence (AI) developers to voluntarily self-regulate within months. This could buy time until legal rules take effect, said EU Technology Commissioner Margrethe Vestager on Wednesday.
The EU’s planned AI Act, including transition periods, would take effect in two and a half to three years at the earliest. “This is obviously too late. We need to act now.” US Secretary of State Antony Blinken spoke of “intensive and productive” talks with the EU on AI.
Vestager’s colleague and EU Industry Commissioner Thierry Breton had presented the initiative last week. Breton wants to get companies such as Google or the ChatGPT developer OpenAI, in which Microsoft has a significant stake, on board.
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These are the five AI stocks pros are betting on besides Nvidia
Wall Street is in AI fever. Since the chatbot tool ChatGPT made artificial intelligence tangible for investors, the value of AI-related stocks has been rising rapidly. The most prominent example is the chip company Nvidia, which on Tuesday boosted its stock market value to more than one trillion dollars. Since the beginning of the year, the stock has risen by more than 170 per cent.
Nvidia is also currently the most popular stock among professional investors, as data from Goldman Sachs show. The US investment bank evaluates the stocks that hedge fund managers most often have among the ten largest positions in their portfolios.
It shows that the professionals are not only betting on AI with Nvidia – the next five most popular stocks also have an AI connection. Among them is an Nvidia competitor, a contract manufacturer as well as a partner of the chip giant, a software company and another chipmaker.
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EU and US to cooperate more on artificial intelligence
In view of the rapid technological developments, the EU and the US want to cooperate more closely on artificial intelligence (AI). “We are determined to make the most of the potential of emerging technologies while limiting the challenges they pose to universal human rights and shared democratic values,” reads a joint statement released on Wednesday at the EU-US Trade and Technology Council. For example, expert groups are to be set up to deal with standards and emerging risks, among other things.
The EU and the United States also want to cooperate more closely on other technologies, such as the future 6G mobile phone standard or online platforms.
These are the ten most useful plug-ins for ChatGPT
Plug-ins are needed so that ChatGPT can become an everyday helper. The small additional programmes from third-party providers are the first to ensure that the intelligent voice assistant becomes part of our everyday life – be it with shopping lists, travel suggestions, music or recipe ideas.
At the beginning, ChatGPT developer OpenAI still strictly controlled the offer by waiting list. But these times are now over. Due to the great hype around artificial intelligence (AI), more and more companies are expanding their offerings to include language functions. At the moment, there is only one restriction: if you want to use the plug-ins, you have to be a subscriber to the paid Plus version of ChatGPT 4. Currently, this costs 20 dollars per month plus taxes.
In addition, users still have to activate the additional programmes – either via the website or the ChatGPT app.
Here you can find a list of useful extensions:
Experts urge focus on risks of artificial intelligence
A number of leading experts on artificial intelligence see the technology as a potential danger to humanity and have called for the risks to be taken seriously. Among the signatories to the short statement is the head of ChatGPT creator OpenAI, Sam Altman. The chatbot ChatGPT, which can formulate sentences on the level of a human, triggered a new hype around artificial intelligence in recent months.
The statement released on Tuesday consists of just one sentence, but it sounds dramatic: “Reducing the risk of annihilation by AI should be a global priority alongside other societal-scale risks, such as pandemics and nuclear war.” The non-profit organisation, on whose website the text appeared, cites as possible dangers of AI its use in warfare, such as in the air or through the development of new chemical weapons. The San Francisco-based Center for AI Safety also warns of the spread of false information with the help of the technology and a future in which humanity could become completely dependent on machines.
A few weeks ago, another organisation published an open letter signed by tech billionaire Elon Musk, among others, proposing a six-month pause in the development of artificial intelligence. The aim of the time-out is supposed to be to find regulatory approaches for the technology. It was later revealed that Musk had founded his own AI company shortly before.
Among the signatories to the new statement are Demis Hassabis, the head of Google’s sister company DeepMind, which specialises in AI, and Geoffrey Hinton, one of the leading researchers in the field.
Italy plans sovereign wealth fund for AI start-ups
Italy wants to promote the research and development of artificial intelligence (AI) with state money. To this end, a fund will be set up together with the state bank CDP to finance “studies, research and programming in the field of AI in Italy”, Cabinet Secretary Alessio Butti announced on Tuesday. In this way, the country wants to secure its technological independence and build up its own expertise in this strategic area. According to an insider, the fund will initially be worth 150 million euros.
Numerous states are investing in AI because they hope it will benefit their respective economies.
Chip manufacturers chase 112 billion dollars in sales
There is an incredibly large business to be had: the market researchers at Gartner expect manufacturers to achieve a turnover of 112 billion dollars with chips for artificial intelligence (AI) in four years. That is almost three times as much turnover as the manufacturers achieved in 2022.
Investors are speculating that a weighty portion of that will end up at Nvidia. The share price has more than doubled since the beginning of the year. As the first semiconductor company worldwide, the US company is on the verge of reaching a stock market value of one trillion dollars.
But the competition is increasing with each new day. Dozens of start-ups are entering the market – and a long-established rival is also attacking AI chips.
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SPD leader wants supervisory authority for use of artificial intelligence
SPD leader Saskia Esken pleads for the establishment of a supervisory authority for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in Germany. “Because the handling of data plays a significant role in supervision, the Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information could be a good choice,” the digital politician told the Deutsche Presse-Agentur. “In any case, we need an authority that assesses whether the use of AI follows law and order.”
Esken stressed that artificial intelligence holds great potential, for example, for fairer education, better medical care and more efficient administration. “But of course there are also dangers in it, as in all technologies.” It is good that Germany and Europe are not only at the forefront of technology, but also in thinking about how to regulate the use of artificial intelligence.
The European Union, he said, is on its way to developing a regulation on how to regulate it. “In the highest risk case, the use of AI models could be banned,” Esken said. “In less but still risky areas, a human final decision could be specified – and of course the possibility to appeal, i.e. to sue against it, if I think a decision is unjustified.”
In Esken’s view, care must be taken that artificial intelligence does not learn discrimination from data. “For example, if an AI were to analyse career paths of female journalists in media houses, it might come up with the idea of hiring only men because the most successful careers so far have been made by men,” she explained. “We have to make sure that training data is freed from such discrimination or make sure right away that gender does not play a role in the selection process.”
Six tips for dealing with ChatGPT in everyday work life
Is artificial intelligence the ideal assistant? Generative language models like ChatGPT are available day and night, respond in a few seconds and often cost nothing. In a short time, they can, for example, compose, shorten or rewrite texts that would take a human a few hours. The difficulty, however, is to use the models in such a way that really good results come out of it.
That is why the number of job advertisements for so-called prompt engineers is growing. These specialists know how to address a language model to get the best possible answer. They translate tasks so that the artificial intelligence understands them particularly well. Words like “never”, “not” or “none”, for example, are not favourable for operating language models.
In short, the topic calls for an overview. IT expert Branko Trebsche reveals how ChatGPT can best be applied in everyday office life. Data protection officer Marit Hansen explains what employees should definitely not do with AI in the workplace.